NECO 2021 Human and Regional Geography Essay Answers (7th August 2021)
Saturday 7th August 2021.
Paper-II: Essay – Human and Regional Geography – 3:00 pm – 5:00 pm.
(i) Rural-Urban Migration: This has to do with the movement of people from the various villages to towns and cities.
(ii) Urban-Rural Migration: This refers to the movement of people from cities and towns to villages.
(iii) Rural – Rural Migration: This is the movement of people from one village to another. This type of movement often occurs in areas where the soil is very fertile for agricultural purposes.
(i) Migration helps to reduce the pressure on social amenities within one geographical region.
(ii) It helps to promote cultural integrity.
(iii) It aids the supply of labour.
(iv) It ensures the flow of capital.
(i) Migration often breeds social vices.
(ii) It brings decline in production.
(iii) Migration often leads to unemployment.
(iv) Migration leads to congestion in transportation and housing.
(i)Peasants are households which derive their livelihoods partly from agriculture.
(ii)utilise mainly family labour in farm production, integrate household production.
(iii)consumption activities and decisions, and are characterised by partial engagement in input and output markets which are often imperfect or incomplete.
Unlike in industry, the area of operation for a worker in agriculture is very large. Supervision of work always presents a problem. If the size of the farm is small, the owner himself can effectively supervise the work of the labourer and can also guide and direct him to do his job in a particular way.
In peasant farming there is generally a greater scope for employment on the farm, when compared with other farming systems.
Productivity per acre on a farm under peasant farming is larger than on farms under other systems, when the farms generally happen to be larger in size. The main reason for this is the greater intensity of cropping which, in turn, is due to greater use of labour per acre on small farms when compared with that on a larger farm.
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