NECO 2021 Civic Education Objective And Essay Answers (Thursday 29th July, 2021)
Paper III & II: Objective & Essay – Civic Education 2:00pm- 5:00pm.
Civic education is the study of the theoretical, political and practical aspects of citizenship, as well as its rights and duties.
(i) Peace and Equality: Civic education teaches us to respect each other’s belief and see each other as brothers or equal. One sad reoccurrence in our society today is ethnicity and religious superiority.
(ii) Patriotism: Through Civic education, we as citizens begin to feel love, devotion and attachment to our country. Obeying the laws of the land, promoting good values, shunning vices and active participation in the governance of the nation.
(iii) Sustainable Development: The curriculum of Civic education is structured to address the goals of sustainable development which are summed up into social justice, ecological sustainability, good governance and economic productivity.
(iv) Mass media.
Cultism is a form of organization whose activities are not only exclusively kept away from the knowledge of others but such activities are carried out at odd hours of the day and they often clash with the accepted norms and values of everyday life.
(i) The overwhelming influence of peer pressures.
(ii) The parental background, if my dad or mom was in a cult, I will likely join one.
(iii) Society decay in standards, morals, dignity, religious faith, honor and discipline.
(iv) Fallen standard of education.
(i) Breakdown of law and order.
(ii)Violence and social instability.
(iii) Disruption of academic activities.
(iv) Disorientation of societal values.
(v) Premature death of youths who are cult members/innocent victims.
(i) Right To Life.
(ii) Right To freedom Of Expression.
(iii) Right To Fair and equal hearing.
(iv) Right to freedom of movement.
(v) Right to own property.
(i) Right To Life: This right you to live or to exist. Nobody has the right to kill another person or himself or herself.
(ii) Right To freedom Of Expression: Under this right, everyone is free to hold opinions, express same or receive or impart ideas and information without interference. This is the right to say whatever one wants to say. The press I.e Newspapers e.t.c. have the right to say or report any news without being harassed or forced not to do so.
(iii) Right To Fair and equal hearing: Every Citizen has the right to be listened to before they are punished. Even it a thief is caught stealing the court has to listen to his or her defence before dispensing judgment.
(iv) Right to freedom of movement: Every citizen of Nigeria is free to move from one part to the other and to reside in any part of the country. No citizen of Nigeria must be denied entry into and movement out of Nigeria.
(v)Right to own property: Every person is entitled to own private property and no moveable or immovable property or the interest from it can be compulsory acquired in any part of Nigeria.
Conclusively, in a particular case where private interest with public interest in a particular property, the public interest prevails because it is for public use.
(i) Maintain social distancing. Work from home if possible and avoid large gatherings, public spaces and public transportation:
Keep three to six feet between yourself and others. Avoid social touching, this includes shaking hands, kissing or hugging, instead try a hand wave or a smile.
(ii) Clean “high-touch” surfaces regularly: It’s still unknown if COVID-19 can spread from hard surfaces to people or how long it may live outside the human body, Take extra caution and clean high-touch surfaces like tables, doorknobs, light switches, desks, toilets, faucets, and sinks with household disinfectants that are appropriate for the surface.
(iii) Stop sharing. Even though you may usually steal a bite from your kid’s plate or share a dessert with a friend or spouse, now is the time to be selfish with your food, Don’t share any common kitchen objects such as dishes, drinking glasses, utensils, cups, and, of course, food with anyone—even the people in your home.
(iv) Prepare for your needs in case you’ll need to stay home for an extended period: Make sure you have enough groceries, household items and medications (including over-the-counter medicines) on hand, and that you know how to order more either online or by making a phone call.
(v) Wear a mask or cloth face covering.
A cloth face covering may not protect the wearer, but it may keep the wearer from spreading the virus to others. To reduce the spread of COVID-19, NCDC recommends that people wear cloth face coverings in public settings when around people outside of their household, especially when other social distancing measures are difficult to maintain.
(i) Law Making
(ii)Control over the Budget
(iv) Amendment of the Constitution
(v) Control over Executive.
(i) Law Making: In modern times the most important function of legislature is law making. Ordinary Bills can be introduced by the members of the Parliament and by the Ministers, while Money Bills can be introduced only by the Ministers in the Lower House.
(ii)Control over the Budget: The legislature has control over the budget of the executive (Government) and without its approval the executive cannot spend even a single ‘paisa’. In England and India, the Members of the Parliament can impose a cut on any demand on the budget but they cannot increase it.
(iii) Judicial: In certain countries the legislature has to perform certain judicial functions. For example, in India and America the Parliament and the Congress can remove the President by a process of Impeachment.
(iv) Amendment of the Constitution: In every democracy, the power to amend the constitution rests with the legislature of that country. The only difference is that in some countries, a similar procedure is adopted as that for the amendment of ordinary laws.
(v) Control over Executive: In a Parliamentary Government the Legislature or the Parliament exercises full control over the executive or the Council of Ministers. The Parliament has the right to put Questions and Supplementary Questions to the Cabinet.
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